Scams on the internet happen when in various forms. The scammers’  online scam tactics (including use these fake or compromised accounts to trick you into giving them money or personal information) keep evolving. We hope you find these tips to avoid online scams useful. 

Most social media platforms, credible websites, financial apps etc will never send you direct messages/emails asking for personal details about your account.  For Instagram as an example, to identify phishing and spam emails, you can view official Instagram emails sent within the last 14 days from your Settings.

These are some of the things to watch out for when it comes to online scams:

  • People asking you for money who you don’t know in person.
  • People asking you to send them money or gift cards to receive a loan, prize or other winnings.
  • Anyone asking you to pay a fee in order to apply for a job.
  • Accounts representing large companies, organizations or public figures that are not verified.
  • People claiming to be from a major social media app, bank etc security asking you to provide account information (like your username or password), or offering you account verification services.
  • People asking you to move your conversation off social media to a less public or less secure setting, such as a separate email.
  • People claiming to have a friend or relative in an emergency.
  • People who misrepresent where they are located.
  • Messages that appear to come from a friend or a reputable company you know that ask you to click on a suspicious link.
  • Accounts that have a brief history on social media.
  • Messages or posts with poor spelling and grammatical mistakes.
  • People or accounts asking you to claim a prize.
  • People or accounts that offer items at an extreme discount.

Here are Types of Online scams to Watch Out for

Romance Scams: Romance scammers typically send romantic messages to people they don’t know, often pretending to be divorced, widowed or in distress. They’ll engage in online relationships claiming to need money for flights or visas. Their goal is to gain your trust, so the conversations may continue for weeks before they ask for money. Be vigilant of engaging in such conversations with people you don’t know in real life.

Lottery Scams: Lottery scams are often carried out from accounts impersonating someone you know or an organization (such as a government agency or a social media platform). The messages will claim that you’re among the winners of a lottery and that you can receive your money for a small advance fee. The scammer may ask you to provide personal information, such as your physical address or bank details which they can use for other criminal activities.

Loan Scams: Loan scammers send messages or leave comments on posts offering instant loans, at a low interest rate for a small advance fee. Once an initial payment is made they may ask for more money to provide a larger loan or simply end the conversation and disappear with the payment. Avoid making any transactions to people that you don’t know.

False Investment Scams: Scammers may promise unrealistic monetary benefits like offering to convert a small amount of money into a larger sum (example: $100 = $1000) and solicit money from you. This false promise of return on investment results in the scammer disappearing with the payment. Some types of false investment scams to watch out for include “cash flipping” scams, Ponzi schemes or “get rich quick” schemes.

Job Scams: Job scammers use misleading or fake job postings to try and get your personal information or money. Avoid job postings that sound too good to be true or that ask you to pay anything upfront. When clicking on a link from a job posting, watch out for websites that seem unrelated to the original job posting or that ask for sensitive information (example: government ID) but don’t use secure (https) browsing.

Credit Card Fraud: Scammers use stolen financial information to make purchases online or to lure others into buying goods or services at a significantly lower price than the market price. If you notice suspicious activity on your credit card, you should report it to your financial institution or local law enforcement.

Paid Subscription Services: Scammers will offer the sale of paid subscription services or lifetime access to these paid subscription services for a one-time payment. Avoid purchasing subscription-based services from unknown third parties since scammers won’t deliver the product, or the product won’t work as they claim it will.

Phishing Scam: Phishing is when someone tries to get access to your Instagram account by sending you a suspicious message or link that asks for your personal information. If they get into your account, a scammer may have access to things like your phone number or email address. They may also change your password to lock you out of your account.

Inauthentic Sellers: Inauthentic or misleading sellers may try to use underpriced items to lure buyers into a scam. They may try to create a sense of urgency to get buyers to act quickly, request payment through a non-secure method, or misrepresent their location in their posts.


If you are like us you probably are always on the lookout for interesting crime and action series to watch on Netflix.  Movies help make the world go round. Series make the world even go rounder, as you’re lost in the zone, getting you to have something to look forward to at the end of the working day or during weekends. Good series will do that to you. Yes!

Indulging in series bling may affect your health if you overdo it (especially with plenty of junk food eating) so also learn to keep that fat in check. Also watch series only at specific times during the day or week so you do not let movies/series binging get in the way of doing meaningful work and making more money.

Of recent there have been thrilling crime and action series which have kept us hinged to our seats 
at all times. Shows 
How to get away with Murder, Collateral, Bodyguard, Peaky Blinders, 
and Money Heist have all proven to us that they are capable of getting our brains going and 
showing us the beauty and the importance of science cum action thrillers in our world today. 

If you love some adrenaline rush, intrigues, blood rushing action these recommended series will definitely keep you engaged for quite some time.

Queen of the South

This is a high octane, action series about drugs, lowly beginnings, survival and wealth. Teresa has it quite rough from early in life, falling in love with a drug dealer/gangster, dealing with fallout of her boyfriend’s drug life/business and having to flee for her life.

Teresa’s acting really gives the series some necessary grip. Following her journey is as compelling as they come. Be ready for edge of the seat action, twists, betrayals and some more.

Money Heist (La Casa De Papel)

The series that started as La Casa de Papel is a hugely popular crime series (we’d be surprised if you’ve not watched it or heard of it). Following the escapades of a brilliant criminal mastermind who goes by the name ‘The Professor’ this Spanish original series follows ‘The Professor’ as he assembles, what looks on the surface as, a most awkward assemblage of a criminal crew – the crazy Tokyo, the nervy Rio, the two giant cousins Helsinki and Oslo, the pretty and dreamy Nariobi etc.

Money Heist should be on your list of series to watch if you haven’t.

The Innocent Man

Netflix’s true crime series of six episodes The Innocent Man is a fascinating outsider in its kind. While true crime is now all hot in the television industry, it was obviously initially popular as a book, and in 2006, the best-selling author John Grisham published his one and only true crime book: The Innocent Man. Throughout the popularity of this particular story, however, the show does not make it less valuable. Grisham is indeed a camera participant in a six-episode survey that not only tells a truly bizarre story about two murders and probably erroneous convictions in a little city of Oklahoma, but also offers a comprehensive and insightful account of the foregone alternative of humans when the United States of America’s judiciary system collapses.

The Peaky Blinders

This British drama in Birmingham is the focus of the crime organizations’ extraordinary strength in the early twentieth century. Punches and violence on these medium-sized English streets settled scores. There has been no struggle on TV as fistful as this show and very few historical dramas mix historical intrigues with numerous action plays. There is also a lot of action plays. However, the complexity of the individuals is what truly sells all these strife.

How to Get Away With Murder

How to escape murder is a delightful, soapy series of procedural crimes. Viola Davis starts out as a morally dubious teacher who gets caught up in a very chaotic killing mystery, covering some of her most valued students. In the first season, there are enough twists and turns to last a whole series, and they are really exciting to watch. It is your job to try and figure it out each season and that includes a season-old criminal mystery at the heart. This is fantastic if you wish to watch a series that does not attribute too much seriousness to itself.

The Witcher

The initial fan program on this list is still a recent release for many action fans, but many of the other action episodes on Netflix have been distinguished by the mythical conflict between the monster hunter and the mystical creatures he slays. The original series centered on the bestselling books and computer games follows a lengthy warrior who kills magical animals on contracts. The unusual presentation is characterized by its high-end items and adds a lot to the genre of sword and magic.


Bloodline as one of the earlier original series on Netflix is amazingly amazing until it isn’t anymore. The first season is well worth a look, because a man named Danny Rayburn comes back home in the Florida Keys and brings a cloud of plot with him, as secrets from the past have been disclosed and new difficulties bringing stakes for all. It’s a complex, ensemble-driven, criminal family drama that has some really great theatrics, and although it gets rather tedious at the end, the set-up is still extremely overwhelming.


Supernatural is one of the longest TV shows in its fourteenth season and yet is showing no evidence of slowing down. This could be owing to the close friendship between Sam and Dean Winchester, a range of exciting encounters with monsters and guest stars, or to the fascinating plot of Castiel’s short turn to the dark. Supernatural’s 13 initial seasons are available for streaming aficionados of fantasy and action on Netflix, offering viewers a wealth of funny stuff.

The Bodyguard

The initial scene of Bodyguard’s first episode is lowered in you, and the show never truly lets you go through its first six-episode. The series first appeared in UK before debuting in America via Netflix and follows a Metropolitan Police Officer called David Budd, who’s in the middle of a political crisis, notably the debate on how to deal with terrorism, to protect the lives of Julia Montague, a Conservative home secretary. Budd’s biography and background throughout the show is gradually disclosed, prompting the public to debate constantly whether he is a real hero or a possible evil.


For a few reasons, the BBC-produced Collateral Drama series is unique. First, this is a criminal show with a female lead. Two, this is a four-hour closing narrative. Thirdly, instead of simply following a typical procedural format, it truly delights in nuance. A narrative about the murder of a delivery man, who might be an immigrant or a refugee, is based on the story by the writer David Hare and Director SJ Clarkson, Carey Mulligan, as confident detective of London. A simple investigation into a murder revealed a web of intrigue, and the characters framed the whole plot. The novel digs into the concerns of migration and racial tension in a post-Brexit England theoretically, but not without sparks of joy and humor.


Daredevil follows Matt Murdock, a blind vigilante hero who promised to safeguard her neighborhood Hell’s Kitchen against crime and injustice, and another succeeding Marvel series. Daredevil promises to take care of its fans for its three seasons, full of many skillfully performed combat scenes and interesting stories surrounding that disturbed, yet endearing Superhero. Surprisingly, Netflix terminated the series by late 2018 but Daredevil enthusiasts can still enjoy streaming trips.

Depending on your location these are the best internet subscription plans for heavy downloads in Nigeria. If you are like me, you definitely want fast and affordable internet for the various stuff you do online.

From watching movies, to taking online meetings (zoom, Google meet etc), sending and downloading sizeable files and many more, there is always the need for reliable internet. While some internet service providers may give you steady internet for routine use they may become unbearably slow when you need to do some heavy lifting.

So what are the most recommended internet subscription plans for anyone who is a relatively heavy internet user?

We did some digging and below are some internet subscription plans we think can do the work. Note that this is not professional advice so you should do your own verification. Also be aware that the speed and reliability for these plans may have changed from the time of writing this article.

These are some of your best options if you are a heavy internet user, in no particular order.


FiberOne is a relatively new internet service provider that supplies fast broadband internet to homes and offices. Their service is currently available only in Lagos, Abuja and Ilorin.

  • Smarthome Plan: This is the most popular for FiberOne users. Good for normal video streaming, browsing and downloading at up to 10 Mbps download speed and unlimited data storage.
  • Smarthome Lite: This plans gives you fast download at up to 20Mbps with unlimited data storage

To start using FiberOne you would have to get the installation done at your office or home. Their service is pretty good for a relatively heavy internet user in Nigeria.

MTN Hynetflex

MTN Hynetflex is a prepaid fast speed internet service that offers multi user capability and unlimited downloads. According to the network provider the Hynet service gives speed of up to 1 Mbps. You will have to buy the Hynetflex 4G router to get started.

However it is important to note that the pricing also indicates downloads limits for some plans or throttled speed when you exhaust a certain limit. You can check for more about MTN Hynet and the various plans here


Ntel is a 4G/LTE advanced network provider that claims to provide internet speeds of up to 100 Mbps. Ntel has coverage in many Nigerian cities including Lagos, Kano, Abuja, Ibadan, Port Harcourt, Benin City, Maiduguri,  Aba, Jos, Enugu, Abeokuta, Edo, Zaria etc.

Ntel has varied unlimited data plans which are good for the working individual/small team who may need to do some heavy browsing or downloading.

There are plans like the Unlimited Family with an FUP speed of 512 Kbps and the Unlimited 90 which gives access for 90 days. The Unlimited daily and Unlimited weekly provides unlimited internet for shorter periods of time – 1 day and 7 days respectively.


Cobranet says it is a leading, reliable internet service and data connectivity provider. It has the UGO mobile network, UGO fixed wireless and the UGO fibre service.

It appears to cover only Lagos at the time of this writing.

It’s residential plans include the Personal, Family and Classic.


ipNX Nigeria is a leading fibre to home internet service provider. It claims to have over 5,000 large and small business customers. They also say they have over 800km of cutting edge fibre optic cable infrastructure. IPNX appears to have carved itself a niche a provider of internet services/connectivity to mostly businesses as against persons/individuals.

This however does not mean they do not provide internet to residential areas or individual homes. In fact their FOS Unlimited Residential Plans are competitive in price and can compare to what other providers have.

An intending customer can choose from the Bronze, Silver, Gold, Diamond etc plans under the FOZ Unlimited Residential plans.


I have personally used Cyberspace and their unlimited internet service was pretty reliable until they became overwhelmed with customers. However it appears they are back on their feet.

The Cyberspace 4G LTE has unlimited plans – Cyberspace Unlimited Classic and Cyberspace Unlimited Premium promising unlimited internet with speeds of up to 1Mbps and 2Mbps respectively.

You should note however that their coverage is limited to only Lagos.


Airtel is one of the major telecommunication service providers in Nigeria.

Airtel has the Mega pack plans for heavy internet users and the highest plan provides up to 1TB of data.

It has the Unlimited Ultra plans (router only) for fast internet access on 4G network for locations that 4G coverage. Some of the major Unlimited Ultra plans include;

Unlimited Ultra Lite,  Unlimited Ultra Standard, Unlimited Ultra Diamond, Unlimited Ultra Premium

Like MTN one of the major advantages of Airtel is its relatively widespread coverage of most Nigerian cities.

All royalty are certainly not equal, not with this list of richest royals and monarchs in the world.

Before diving in you may want to read up on the The Richest Kings in Africa and How They Flaunt Their Wealth.

There are probably hundreds of recognised monarchs in the world but these stand out in terms of their wealth.

While putting together this list we looked at the work done by the CEOWorld Magazine and the Business Insider. Only personal net worth was considered; properties held by the state were not included.

So here are the world’s richest/wealthiest monarchs

Vajiralongkorn – $30 billion


Vajiralongkorn is the King of Thailand and only son of King Bhumibol Adulyadej and Queen Sirikit. He was made Prince at age 20. He became King in December 2016 a few months after his father’s death.

He is regarded as the richest monarch in the world worth an estimated $30 billion – $40 billion. As head of the Thailand royal family he appoints six members of the governing board of the Crown Property Bureau.

In 2018 King Vajiralongkorn was granted full, personal ownership of royal assets thought to be worth at least $30 billion. The Crown Property Bureau, which controlled the royal fortune on behalf of the monarchy, stated it transferred ownership of the assets following a change in the law a year earlier.


Hassanal Bolkiah – $20 billion

Hassanal Bolkiah

Hassanal Bolkiah is the 29th and current Sultan of Brunei. He is also by virtue of being Sultan, the Prime Minister of Brunei. The Sultan is the monarchical head of state and government.

One of the last absolute monarchs in the world, Sultan Hassanal has been ranked among the richest individuals in the world worth between $20 billion – $28 billion. He is also the longest reigning monarch in the world, behind Queen Elizabeth II, having been on the throne for over 53 years.

The bulk of his wealth is profits from the oil and gas industry which he controls.


Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud – $18 billion

Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud

Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud has been the King of Saudi Arabia since 23 January 2015. The King is the monarchical head of state and government who holds absolute power.

With his wealth at an estimated $18 billion most of this comes from profits in the oil industry which is Saudi Arabia’s biggest revenue earner.

King Salman was implicated in the Panama Papers, linked with two companies in the British Virgin Islands taking mortgages in excess of US$34 million to purchase property in London. His role, however has not been specified.


Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan – $15 billion

Khalifa bin Zayed

Khalifa bin Zayed is the President of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and also the Emir of Abu Dhabi as well as the supreme commander of the United Arab Emirates armed forces.

As chairman of the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority he oversees the over $875 billion in assets under the authority and has amassed a fortune of over $15 billion personally. He also sits atop the Supreme Petroleum Council as Chairman.


Mohammed VI – $5 billion

Mohammed VI

Mohammed VI became King of Morocco after the death of his father King Hassan in 1999. The King’s net worth has been estimated at between $2 billion and $5 billion.

He is widely seen as the richest king (monarch) in Africa.  He has significant investments and portion of his wealth in SIGER (his leading holding company) and SNI or Al Mada (a large private Moroccan holding company mainly owned by the Moroccan royal family. This conglomerate holds significant stake in some of the country’s largest companies – AttijariWafa (banking), Nareva (energy), Managem (mining) Lafarge Ciments and several others.

Some of his spendings have attracted criticism. For eg, In the middle of the Covid-19 pandemic Mohammed VI was reported to have purchased an €80 million mansion in Paris.


Hans-Adam II – $4 billion

Hans Adam II

Hans-Adam II (Johannes Adam Ferdinand Alois Josef Maria Marco d’Aviano Pius) is the current reigning Prince of Liechtenstein. He also holds the titles – Duke of Troppau and Jägerndorf, and Count of Rietberg.

As Prince he is the head of state of Liechtenstein and has amassed quite a fortune. He owns the LGT banking group (the largest family owned banking group in the world). He has a family fortune of $US7.6 billion and a personal fortune of about $US4 billion.

He is Europe’s wealthiest monarch and owns an extensive art collection, some of which are displayed at the Liechtenstein museum in Vienna.


Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum – $4 billion

Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum

Sheikh Mohammed is the Vice President and Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates as well as the Emir of Dubai. He became head of the Dubai Emirate in 2006 after the death of his brother Sheikh Maktoum.

Described as one of the world’s most prominent real estate developers most of his billionaire net worth comes from real estate. He oversaw the growth of Dubai into a globally renowned city. Sometimes it is difficult to differentiate between the assets of the Government of Dubai and those of the ruling Al Maktoum family.

Some of the big developmental projects he has overseen include the Dubai International Finance Centre, The Palm Islands, Dubai Internet city, the Burj Al Arab hotel etc.

According to the laws of Dubai, the ruling family owns all undeveloped land in Dubai. Sheikh Mohammed has definitely benefited from this with a number of businesses and assets held by his two companies – Dubai World and Dubai Holdings. He has an estimated $4 billion net worth.

Henri (Henri Albert Gabriel Félix Marie Guillaume) – $4 billion

Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg

Henri has been the Grand Duke of Luxembourg since 7 October 2000. He is a first cousin of King Philippe of Belgium. Henri’s net worth has been estimated at $4 billion.

The Grand Duke retains the constitutional power to appoint the Prime Minister and government, promulgate laws and accredit ambassadors. He is also commander in Chief of the armed forces and represents Luxembourg in foreign affairs.

Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani (Emir of Qatar) – $2.1 billion

Sheikh Tamim

Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani is the Emir of Qatar. As Emir he is an absolute monarch, head of state of Qatar as well as commander in chief of the armed forces. He has been Emir since 25 June 2013 when his father abdicated the throne. Under his rule the people of Qatar has limited political and civil rights.

Tamim heads the Qatar Investment Authority that has invested billions in European and British businesses. He has an estimated net worth of $2.1 billion.

Albert II – $1 billion

Prince Albert II of Monaco

Albert II is the Sovereign Prince of Monaco and regarded as one of the wealthiest monarchs in Europe. With asset value of over $1 billion the Prince owns land in Monaco and France, shares in Société des Bains de Mer (which runs Monaco’s casinos and other entertainment properties).

A car enthusiast he owns vehicles like the BMW Hydrogen 7, the Lexus RX 400h among several cars. He also owns a Dassault Aviation Falcon 7X 14 seater jet.



Post Covid-19 remote work has become even more fashionable. If you are looking to work remotely either as a freelancer or as a worker whose employer has fully endorsed remote work one of the ways to get the best out of your life is choosing a nice place to stay/live in while working remotely.

While choosing best cities to live in as a remote worker you want to consider several factors, safety, healthcare, social activities (with remote work you will definitely need to fill the gap of co-workers with some fun time), as well as very importantly the state of infrastructure (power, internet, etc).

Research done by Nestpick, an on-demand housing platform, showed cities like Australia’s Melbourne and Dubai ranking in the list of 20 best cities to live and work remotely. Nestpick’s study covered 75 cities around the world. The cities were scored across three major categories – costs and infrastructure, legislation and freedoms, and livability.

Melbourne, along with Zagreb, Prague, Dubai, Lisbon were listed among cities that offer a specific visa or equivalent document allowing self-employed and foreign-employed remote workers to enter and work in the country.

Omer Kucukdere, CEO of Nestpick, said that the coronavirus pandemic had prompted many people to reassess their personal priorities, revealing the benefits of remote working flexibility and provoking the question: “Is it really possible to work from anywhere?”

Kucukdere also noted that the pandemic had caused high-earners to leave “business-focused cities to live in places that offer better day-to-day lifestyles, taking their purchasing power with them.”

Here are the ten best cities to live in and work from as a remote worker.

  1. Melbourne, Australia
  2. Dubai, UAE
  3. Sydney, Australia
  4. Tallinn, Estonia
  5. London, UK
  6. Tokyo, Japan
  7. Singapore
  8. Glasgow, UK
  9. Montreal, Canada
  10. Berlin, Germany
  11. Prague, Czech
  12. Toronto, Canada
  13. Chicago, USA
  14. Hong Kong
  15. Lisbon, Portugal
  16. Cape Town, South Africa
  17. Edinburgh, UK
  18. Vienna, Austria
  19. Los Angeles, USA
  20. New York, USA

Check out;

Comprehensive List of Countries Where You Can Get Citizenship by Investing at Least $100,000

9 Countries with the Fastest Internet Speed in Africa



Countries with the highest ageing population are countries where more people are getting older than the number of people being born.

If that makes sense.

In these countries less and less people give birth.

While at the same time more of their adults grow older. They run the risk of depopulation.
The benchmark age for this article is 65 years. Thus we rank the countries that have the most percentage of their population in the 65+ age bracket.

Top 20 Countries with Highest Population of Older People From the data above Europe and Asia appear to have the largest populations of older people. China, by virtue of its huge population, leads the list. However by percentage of the total population Japan has the most number of its entire population aged 65 and above – 28.2%. This is followed by Italy with over 22% of its population aged 65+.

Recommended Read10 Oldest Living Presidents, Heads of State and State Leaders in the World

About a dozen countries have programs where you can obtain citizenship by investing significant sums of money (otherwise known as citizenship by investment).

Citizenship by investment programs are immigrant investor programs where countries offer citizenship to people who invest certain threshold sums of money in those countries. The programs either offer citizenship by investment (golden passports) or residence by investment (golden visa) or a hybrid of both where one gets residence with accelerated progress to citizenship.

There are usually multiple qualification conditions for these programs and they differ by country. Some of the popular requirements could include a contribution of certain sum to government of the country, investment of a minimum sum in real estate, or creation of a certain minimum of jobs.

Of the handful of countries offering citizenship by investment programs almost half are carribean, a few European countries and MiddleEast countries make up the list.

These are the Countries Currently Offering Citizenship by Investment.

Dominica – Dominica has two options for its citizenship by investment program – donation to the government or investment in real estate. Until 1993 it was not possible to gain Dominican citizenship without residing in the country. Now applicants can apply to gain Dominica citizenship through any of the two citizenship by investment options.

Grenada – Grenada’s citizenship by investment program is one of the newest. Applicants need to invest either $150,000 as a donation to government or $200,000 in a government approved real estate project (they would have to maintain the project for a minimum 5 years). The Grenada passport is pretty solid as it gives the holder visa free (or visa on arrival) access to 153 countries including the UK, EU Schengen countries and China.

Vanuatu – To gain citizenship in Vanuatu applicants will have to invest from $130,000 in local development fund. Vanuatu’s citizenship program is one of the fastest and also the only citizenship program in the Asia-Pacific Hemisphere. A single applicant invests min $130,000 while a four of four will require at least $180,000 plus fees. Vanuatu is a chain of 80 islands in the South Pacific ocean to the east of Australia.

Malta – Malta’s citizenship by investment program known as the Maltese Citizenship by Naturalisation for Exceptional Services by Direct Investment (MEIN) is aimed at high networth individuals. An individual investor must contribute a minimum of €600,000 to the government’s National Development Fund and prove 3 years of residence. The fast-track route requires the individual investor to contribute €750,000 and show evidence of 1 year residence. Investors must also contribute €50,000 per each additional dependent included in their application.

In addition to the contribution, investors must also invest a further €700,000 into residential real estate, or enter into a rental agreement at a minimum value of €16,000 p.a which must be maintained for five years. A compulsory donation of €10,000 to a registered philanthropic, cultural, sport, scientific, animal welfare, or artistic non-governmental approved organisation or society is also required. The Maltese citizenship by investment program is certainly one of the most expensive

St Kitts and Nevis – The St. Kitts & Nevis Citizenship by Investment Program is the oldest of its kind in the world (established in 1984). It requires either a minimum donation of $150,000 to the country’s Sustainable Growth Fund (SGF) or an investment of $400,000 (can be reduced to $200,000 for connected investors) in real estate. There are also some government related and due diligence fees.

Antigua and Barbuda – The options for getting citizenship by investment in Antigua and Barbuda include; contributing $100,000 to the Antigua National Development Fund, or investing $1.5 million in establishing a business ($5m for two or more investors), or investing $400,000 in a government approved real estate project (this can be reduced to $200,000 for connected investors). The Antigua and Barbuda passport offers visa free travel to over 160 countries.

Turkey – Turkey has a program that grants either citizenship or residency to applicants who either make a bank deposit or invest in real estate. For the real estate route you need to buy a property with minimum $250,000 plus fees. It was earlier set at $1million but was drastically reduced in September 2018. The Turkish passport allows visa free (or visa on arrival) travel to over 125 countries.

St. Lucia – St. Lucia’s citizenship by investment program started in January 2016. To qualify an applicant must invest the minimum investment level in an approved real estate project or donate to the Saint Lucia National Economic Fund. A single applicant can donate a minimum $100,000, $165,000 for a couple and $190,000 for a family of four. If you choose the real estate option the minimum investment is $300,000 for the main applicant. In May 2020 a temporary bond offering was launched offering an option starting at $300,000 for a single applicant with return of capital in five years.

Bulgaria – Bulgaria’s citizenship program is a two step program. You first apply for the permanent residency program by investing €512,000 into a choice of investment fund vehicles. Shortly after residency has been approved, applicants can then fast-track to the citizenship stage by investing a further €512,000. The total timeframe is around 18 months, making it one of the fastest methods of obtaining citizenship in an EU country.

Montenegro – Montenegro launched its citizenship by investment program as recently as 2019. Applicants can apply by investing in one of several government approved real estate development projects. The investment element ranges from €250,000 in the northern and central region to €450,000 in the coastal region. An additional government donation of €100,000 is required, plus application and due diligence fees. As a citizen you get access to all the privileges of an EU country and visa free travel to 137 countries.


Countries Offering Residence by Investment Programs (many of which eventually lead to citizenship)

Portugal – Portugal’s Golden Visa program was launched in 2012. An investment of €500,000 (or €350,000 reduced option) in real estate in Portugal will get residency permit for a family including dependent children. The golden visa can be renewed every two years providing the applicant spends at least two weeks in the country every two years.

Spain – To get a family residency you will invest €500,000 in real estate and the visa is renewable every two years. After five years you can apply for permanent residence and after ten years citizenship.

Greece – Greece has a golden visa program that grants 5 year residence in exchange for an investment in real estate. You can include children up to 21 years of age in the family application. The visa can be renewed for five years provided you maintain the real estate investment. You can apply for citizenship after 7 years.

Ireland – The Irish immigrant program which was started in 2012 gives applicants from outside the EU the opportunity to gain Irish residency by investing minimum €1.0 million in an approved investment fund. Investors must be of good character, clean criminal record and show proof of a minimum networth of €2 million.

Germany – Germany has an entrepreneurial residency program that requires a total capital of €360,000. For the main applicant you get Permanent Residency after 3 years of holding a temporal residency while for dependants it is 5 years. After 8 years of residing in Germany you may apply for citizenship. Germany offers a solid economy as well as high standards of living.

United States – The USA has two major programs – the EB5 Investor Visa and the E2 Investor Visa. The EB-5 visa gives permanent U.S. residency to those investing into government-approved projects across the United States of America. The USA EB5 investment visa can be beneficial as it grants access to the U.S. education system, the right to live, retire, work and study in the USA, the ability to receive investment back upon the completion of the project and residency for the investor, any children (under 21) and their spouse. The main applicant must reside in the USA for 6 months per year.

The E2 can only be obtained by citizens of countries holding an E2 treaty with the USA such as Grenada, Turkey, Montenegro. The route to residency can be faster and cheaper than EB5 although a key difference with the E2 is that it is a non-immigrant visa meaning unlike the EB5 it cannot lead to a Green Card.

Cayman Islands – The Cayman Islands offer a permanent residency programme which also offers a path to eventual naturalisation and citizenship. The programme is attractive for investors seeking a tax efficient residence as the Cayman Islands have no corporation, income, capital gains, inheritance or sales taxes.

Applicants can qualify by making a minimum investment of $2.4 million into qualifying real estate.

United Kingdom – The UK has the Tier 1 Investor Visa which allows the holder(s) live and work in the UK and ultimately qualify for citizenship provided they meet the criteria. You will be required to invest a minimum £2,000,000 along with meeting other eligibility requirements.

There is also the Startup Visa which enables you live and work on your start-up business in the UK. You will of course need to meet other requirements for eligibility. You can read more about the Start-Up Visa here.

Recommended ReadThis is the List of Countries That Have no Military or Armed Forces

You would think that all countries have military or armed forces right? Wrong! There are actually countries that have no military or armed forces.

The term countries refers to only sovereign states that are not dependent on other countries.

Some of them have long standing arrangement with their former occupying country to be responsible for their security. An example – The Compact of Free Association countries (Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, and Palau) depend on the United States for their defence.

We dug in to find all the countries and independent states that Have no Military or Armed Forces. If you are interested in learning military tactics this illustrated manual will teach you a lot.

And these are what we found.

  1. Andorra: Andorra has no standing army but has signed treaties with Spain and France for military protection. It has a small volunteer army that is purely ceremonial in its function. It has a national police responsible for internal security.
  2. Dominica: Dominica has not had a standing army since 1981. The country’s defence is the responsibility of the Regional Security System.
  3. Grenada: The country has not had a standing army since the Peoples Revolutionary Army was disbanded in 1983. The Royal Grenada Police Force maintains a paramilitary special service unit for internal security. The Regional Security System handles the country’s defence.
  4. Kiribati: The only forces permitted are the police. The national police includes a maritime surveillance unit equipped with small arms and one patrol boat. Australia and New Zealand helps with the country’s defence under an informal agreement between the three countries.
  5. Liechtenstein: Liechtenstein disbanded its army in 1868 because it was thought to be too costly. The country only permits an army during war but that has not happened in their history. It however maintains a police unit equipped with small arms to carry out internal security. Austria and Switzerland provides defence assistance under an informal agreement among the three countries.
  6. Marshall Islands: Like the Kiribati this country only has a police force with a maritime surveillance unit equipped with small arms and one patrol boat for internal security. Like Grenada, the defence of the country is the responsibility of the Regional Security System. The country has not had a military since its foundation.
  7. Federated States of Micronesia: The country has not had a military since its formation. It has a police, with a maritime surveillance unit equipped with small arms and three patrol boats for internal security.
  8. Nauru: Nauru has a relatively large armed police force but no army. Australia is responsible for its national defence under an informal agreement.
  9. Palau: Palau has no army but has a police force with a 30 person maritime surveillance unit for internal security. The unit has small arms and 2 patrol boats. The United States provides defence assistance under the Compact of Free Association
  10. Saint Lucia: Saint Lucia maintains two small paramilitary forces consisting of 116 people responsible for internal security – the Special Service Unit and the Coast Guard. Defence is the responsibility of the Regional Security System.
  11. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: the country has two small paramilitary forces – the Special Service Unit and the Coast Guard, responsible for internal security and patrolling coastal waters respectively. The Regional Security System provides defence assistance.
  12. Samoa: The country has had no military force since its formation. It has a small police force and a maritime surveillance unit (with small arms and a patrol boat) for internal security. Based on a 1962 Treaty of Friendship New Zealand is responsible for its defence.
  13. Solomon Islands: The country maintained a paramilitary force until a heavy ethnic conflict where Australia, New Zealand and other Pacific countries had to intervene to restore law and order. Since then it has not kept a military force. However it has a relatively large police force and a maritime surveillance unit for internal security. The maritime unit has small arms and two patrol boats
  14. Tuvalu: The country has never had a military force. It has a small police force and a maritime surveillance unit for internal security.
  15. Vatican City: It has a Gendarmerie Corps for internal security. The Pontifical Swiss Guard (though officially under the authority of the Holy See and not the Vatican City) is an armed unit charged with protecting the Pope. Informally the Italian Armed Forces protect the Vatican though there is no official defence treaty.

Some of them (eg Iceland and Monaco) have no standing armies but have what you can call a non-police military force in some cases. Countries with limited military but no standing army or military force include;

  • Costa Rica: A Standing army has been forbidden since 1949 based on article 12 of the constitution. Costa Rica however has a Public Force with limited military capacities whose main role includes law enforcement, internal security and command of the Air Vigilance Service.
  • Iceland: Though a member of NATO it has not maintained a standing army since 1869. However it has a military expeditionary peacekeeping force, an air defence system, a militarised coast guard, a police service and tactical police force. It also has agreements regarding military and other security operations with Norway, Denmark and other NATO countries.
  • Mauritius: Mauritius has not had a standing army since 1968. All military, police and security functions are handled by 10,000 active duty police personnel under the Commissioner of Police. This consists of the 8,000 person strong National Police Force responsible for domestic law enforcement, the 1500 member Special Mobile Force and a 500 member National Coast Guard both regarded as paramilitary units equipped with small arms.
  • Monaco: Defence is the responsibility of France though Monaco maintains two small military units; one to protect the Prince and the Judiciary, the other responsible for civil defence and firefighting. There is also an armed national police for internal security.
  • Panama: In 1990 Panama abolished its army; this was ratified/confirmed by by a unanimous parliamentary vote for constitutional change in 1994. It has a public force which includes the National Police, National Borders Service, National Aeronaval Service, and Institutional Protection Service which have some warfare capabilities.
  • Vanuatu: it maintains a paramilitary force called the Vanuatu Mobile Force for internal security. It is manned by almost 300 hundred people equipped with small arms.

Recommended Read10 Oldest Living Heads of State, Presidents and State Leaders in the World

Ever heard of Boanthropy? It’s a psychological disorder that makes the person suffering from it believe or think they are cows.

So persons suffering from Boanthropy may be found on all fours (hand and feet) chewing grass or exhibiting other cow-like behaviours such as mooing.

Boanthropy is a rare disorder that makes the sufferer act or behave like cows.

We are sure you have probably never met anyone suffering from boanthropy. However we can think of one or two examples.


king nebuchadnezzar boanthropy

In the book of Daniel, Nebuchadnezzar II the king was “was driven from men, and did eat grass as oxen”

Madj Al-Dawla

Madj Al-Dawla, the Buyd prince, according to Persian traditions was suffering from an illusion that he was a cow. He made cow like sounds and asked that he be killed so his flesh would be consumed.

You can read more about Anthropy here

Recommended ReadHow to Overcome Shyness and Embrace Talking to People



So someone asked a question online on what will happen to anyone who tries to land an helicopter on the White House without authorisation.

The responses were varied and interesting.

But seriously what do you think would happen if you or someone landed an helicopter unauthorised on the White House? [Learn more about flying Helicopters from this extensive manual

compiled by the Federal Aviation Administration]

Here are the possible scenarios

  • First if what you are flying is an assault type helicopter the following will likely happen; Air Traffic Control (ATC) will warn you that you’re about to enter restricted airspace and ask you to change course. This warning will come well before you even enter the restricted airspace. If you persist these guys below will be warmed up and ready to take you out.

white house anti aircraft

anti aircraft missile launcher

  • Now let’s check out an incident that actually happened. Someone landed a small helicopter on the white house lawn a few years ago. He was immediately taken into custody. His copter wasn’t shot down or anything like that. This was probably because the helicopter was not a full assault type or a threatening one.

As the pilot/operator named Hughes was taken into custody a bomb sqaud investigated the gyrocopter but found nothing hazardous. Hughes was transferred to central cellblock in Washington.

The 61 year old mailman flew his gyrocopter to the White house lawn as a protest against the influence of money in campaign financing and had letters addressed to congressmen and women in his bag.

The letters were not delivered. Many people thought he was lucky not to be shot down.

Recommended Read – Major Artefacts and Treasures Stolen from Africa by Europeans

There are certainly quite a lot of aged presidents and heads of state in several countries of the world. We have compiled a list of the oldest living presidents, heads of state or state leaders across the world.

This is a list of people currently serving as heads of state and/or government, president or ruler of an independent state or country. These are also current state leaders whose age are confirmed beyond reasonable doubt.

This list is restricted to people who are confirmed to be alive (at least within the last 3 years) and still in office. We hope to update this list at least on an annual basis with new information at our disposal.

Here we go!

Queen Elizabeth II – 95

Queen Elizabeth II has been the Queen of the United Kingdom and head of government since February 6, 1962 till date. Born in 1926 the Queen is currently aged 95 and was married to Prince Phillip (Duke of Edinburgh) who died in 2021.

Paul Biya – 88

Paul Biya is a dictator and President of Cameroon, a position he has occupied since November 1982! He has been in power for over 36 years. He is the longest serving non-royal (monarchial) leader in the world. Having run a one party system for decades, Biya reluctantly allowed multi party politics in the 1990s. However since then Biya has won every single election and most recently in 2018 won the Presidential election for another 7 years in office.

Michel Naim Aoun – 86

Michel serves as President of Lebanon since 31 October 2016. He was a former military officer who got appointed Prime Minister of a military government on 22 September 1988. After refusing to the newly elected Presidents Rene Moawad and Elias Hrawi he survived an assassination attempt on 12 October 1990.

He later fled into asylum in France, from Syrian forces, where he lived in exile for 15 years. In exile he founded the Free Patriotic Movement and later returned to Lebanon in 2005 after the withdrawal of Syrian troops.

He was elected to Parliament same year, with his party winning 21 seats thus forming the largest christian bloc and second largest bloc in parliament. In 2006 he signed a memorandum of understanding with Hezbollah kickstarting a major alliance that has remained since.

After getting endorsements from Lebanese forces, Progressive socialist party and Hezbollah he became the 13th president of Lebanon in 2016.

Mahmoud Abbas – 85

Abbas, born 15 November 1935, is the President of the state of Palestine and the Palestinian National Authority. He assumed office on 15 January 2005.

Abbas served as the first Prime Minister of the Palestinian Authority from March to September 2003. Before that he led the PLO Negotiation Affairs department.

Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud – 85

Salman has been King of Saudi Arabia since 23 January 2015. He is the 25th son of King Abdulaziz. Before becoming King he was governor of Riyadh for 48 years from 1963 to 2011 and then became appointed Minister of Defence. He was named Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia in 2012 and became King in 2015 upon the death of his half brother King Abdullah.

One of his notable achievements is the 2017 decree allowing Saudi women to drive.

Pope Francis – 84

Born Jorge Mario Bergoglio on 17th December 1936, Pope Francis is the head of the catholic church and sovereign leader of the Vatican city since 2013. He is the first to become Pope from the Americas.

He sits atop the Holy See – the universal government of the catholic church – from the Vatican city which itself is a sovereign, independent city state.

Harald V – 84

King Harald V is the king of Norway, he ascended the throne on 17 January 1991. As king he is the head of state of Norway (Norway is a constitutional and hereditary monarchy with a parliamentary system).

The King does not, by convention, have direct participation in government. He ratifies laws and royal resolutions, receives and sends envoys from and to foreign countries and hosts state visits. The King is also Supreme Commander of the Norwegian armed forces.

Cornelius A. Smith – 84

Cornelius is the Governor-General of the Bahamas. The Governor-General is a representative of the Bahamian monarchy (currently Queen Elizabeth II) and serves at the Queen’s pleasure (usually 5 years). Governor-Generals appoint the Prime Minister, as well as other government ministers after consultation with the Prime Minister.

Before becoming Governor-General, Cornelius was Ambassador to the United States, as well as Ambassador/Permanent Representative to the Organisation of American States.

Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah – 84

Al-Sabah is the Emir of Kuwait and Commander of the Kuwait military forces. The Emir is the country’s head of state, head of government and the country’s most powerful office. He became Emir on 30 September 2020 after his half brother Sabah Al Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah died.

Previously he was, at various times, Governor of Hawalli, Minister of Defence, Minister of Interior, Acting Minister of Labour, Deputy Chief of the Kuwait National Guard, Deputy Prime Minister.

Alpha Conde – 83

Alpha Conde is the current President of Guinea, a position he has held since December 2010. He became the first freely elected President of his country. In 2020 he won a presidential election for a controversial 3rd term in office amidst allegations of fraud.

This was after changing the constitution’s 2 term limit controversially to enable him extend his stay in power and run for another term.

** All ages are as of the time of publishing this article.

Recommended Read: Richest Kings in Africa – How Africa’s Wealthiest Monarchs Flaunt Their Wealth


Wondering about the countries with the fastest internet speed in Africa? These are the countries who have the fastest fixed broadband internet speed in Africa as at June 2021.

This ranking is according to the Speedtest Global Index which ranks mobile and fixed broadband internet speeds from around the world on a monthly basis.

Ghana, South Africa and Egypt lead the pack of African countries with the fastest internet speed. Ghana’s inclusion in the list will surely come as a surprise to lots of non-Ghanaians as South Africa and Egypt are expected to be somewhere at the top of a list of this nature.

Internet speed is becoming a very important factor in the overall technology development sector of any country. Most times the internet speed available in a country points to development strides going on in its tech sector and by extension its economy.

Here’s the ranking for internet (fixed broadband) speed in Africa by Mbps.

  1. Ghana – 53.2
  2. South Africa – 47.3
  3. Egypt – 42.4
  4. Madagascar – 38.6
  5. Ivory Coast – 37.3
  6. Seychelles – 37
  7. Senegal – 35.2
  8. Morocco – 28.3
  9. Mauritius – 25.6

Suggested Read: 10 Most Outdated Things People Still Use Everyday

If you are like most people you definitely wonder why your electricity bill is always outrageous. The answer is – there are probably appliances that suck your electricity most and cause the increasing bills you get.

Reducing your electricity bill starts with finding out which of the appliances are responsible for the hike in the first place. To do this you first have to realise how much energy a device or appliance consumes. You simply have to look for the wattage – how much watts or kilowatts (Kw) per hour a device uses in a month or year and then find ways to cut down on them.

You have to find the average number used for utility consumption rate by the energy commission or regulator in your country.

When you are finally able to breakdown how much Kilowatts per hour (kWh) each major appliance you use has, you can then check the utility bill from your energy provider and compare to the consumption numbers of each appliance. That way you see clearly which appliances are draining more electricity than others.

What to Do to Reduce Your Bill?

The major way is to reduce your electricity consumption or more practically reduce use of appliances that consume more electricity than others.

Generally these devices listed below are energy suckers and take up more electricity than other appliances. You will do well to regulate, reduce their use.

Hot water circulation pump

Set top box


Air conditioners


Water heater

Washing machines/cloth dryers

Water pump

Hair dryer


Coffee maker


Credit: Some information for this article was obtained from Yahoo Finance


Like many English speaking societies Nigeria has, over time, crafted its own unique Nigerian English and Pidgin words – new phrases that has gradually sunk into daily use and communication.

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) seems to have acknowledged the importance and relevance of these Nigerian English words in everyday communication as it has added about 29 of them to the English dictionary.

In its release notes announcing new updates, the dictionary states that the majority of these new additions are either borrowings from Nigerian languages, or unique Nigerian coinages that have only begun to be used in English in the second half of the twentieth century, mostly in the 1970s and 1980s.

The dictionary talked about interesting Nigerian English word such as buka (bukateria), danfo, k-leg etc.

See below a list of the new Nigerian English words and senses added to the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) in this update;

Recommended Read – Top grossing Nigerian Movies at the Theatres

Who are the richest kings in Africa? Is the monarchy dead in Africa? You bet not. Even after years of colonial rule which basically shifted the role of kings and previously powerful traditional rulers across Africa, some of them have somehow managed to retain and grow their wealth (if not their power).

We take a look at some of the wealthiest/richest kings in Africa;

  • King Mohammed VI of Morrocco

King Mohammed VI of Morrocco

King Mohammed VI of Morrocco was named as the richest king in Africa by Forbes Magazine in 2014 and 5th richest king in the world. Born on 21 August 1963 he belongs to the Alaouite dynasty and became king on 23 July 1999 upon the death of his father, King Hassan II.

According to Wikileaks documents there is apparently high level of corruption in Morocco where the King has interests in many spheres of business. Wikileaks published diplomatic cables which alleged high-level corruption involving the king himself in December 2010. In April 2016 the King’s personal secretary was named in the Panama papers.

Mohammed is Morocco’s leading businessman and banker. He is estimated to be worth over $3 billion. Mohammed is also a leading agricultural producer and land owner in Morocco, where agriculture is exempted from taxes. His holding company “Siger” has shares in the large agricultural group “Les domaines agricoles” (originally called “Les domaines royaux”, now commonly known as “Les domaines“), which was founded by Hassan II. Les domaines has annual revenue in hundreds of millions of dollars. His palace’s daily operating budget is reported by Forbes to be $960,000 as at 2014.

After the death of his father Hassan II, King Mohammed VI of Morocco inherited a 35% stake in Societe Nationale d’Investissement (SNI), a holding company that has stakes in several publicly traded companies, including the country’s largest bank, Attijariwafa; mining company Managem Group; sugar producer Cosumar; and dairy firm Centrale Danone.

  • King Frederick Obateru

Fredrick Obateru Akinruntan

Fredrick Obateru Akinruntan (born 1950) is a Nigerian monarch and traditional ruler of Ugbo kingdom Ondo state, Southwestern Nigeria. He is worth at least an estimated $200 million. He has a custom built 2012 Rolls Royce similar to that of Queen Elizabeth II.

Obateru was born into the royal family of Sir Frederick Adetolugbo at Ugbo, a riverine area in Ilaje as the 4th child in a family of 8.

He is the founder of founder of Obat Oil, one of Nigeria’s largest privately and locally owned oil companies. The company owns one of the largest tank farms in Africa, a modern storage facility able to hold 65 million litres of petroleum products.

  • King Mswatini III

King Mswatini III

Mswatini III of Eswatini (formerly Swaziland) was born on 19 April, 1968. He was crowned King of Swaziland at age 18 making him the youngest ruling monarch in the world at the time. He rules the country as an absolute monarch together with his mother Ntfombi Tfwala, now Queen Mother.

Mswatini III has 15 wives and leads a lavish lifestyle. He owns several luxury cars including a $500,000 Maybach. In 2018 he was reported to have got himself a plane and an airport worth $190 million for his birthday.

He is reportedly worth over $200 million

  • King Osei Tutu II of Ghana

Osei Tutu II

Osie Tutu II (born Nana Barima Kwaku Duah) is a monarch in Ghana, the Kumasehene of Kumasi. He studied Accountancy at the University of Professional Studies (formerly Institute of Professional Studies) in Accra. He later obtained a Diploma in Management and Administration at the now London Metropolitan University.

Between 1981 – 1985 he was a senior consultant at the Mutual of Omaha Insurance company in Toronto, Canada. He returned to London and later founded his own mortgage finance firm, Primoda Financial Services Limited, located on Kilburn High Road, North West London.

He became the Asantehene in 1999. The Asantehene is highly revered in the Asante territories (Ashanti Region and other parts of Ghana), and is often regarded as the first among equals of traditional rulers in Ghana.

Osei Tutu is the owner and chief executive officer of Transpomech Ghana; a mining company that provides large industrial companies in Ghana. He is believed to be worth more than $15 million. He also owns extensive real estate in Ghana and South Africa as well as a collection of valuable gold crown jewels.

  • Togbe Afede XIV of Asogli

Togbe Afede XIV

Togbe Afede XIV is the Agbogbomefia of the Asogli state, President of Asogli Traditional Area, and former President of the National House of Chiefs in Ghana.

Togbe is the executive chairman of World Trade Centre Accra and was voted member of the Board of Directors of the World Trade Centre in 2015. SAS Finance Group Ltd, constituting Strategic African Securities Ltd, a stock brokerage and corporate finance advisory firm, and SAS Investment Management Ltd, an asset management firm. Other firms he owns or co-owns include Strategic Initiatives Ltd (SIL) a portfolio and private equity investment firm, Databank Financial Services and Africa World Airlines.

He is estimated to be worth at least $10 million

  • Obi Nnaemeka Alfred Achebe

Obi of Onitsha, Alfred Nnaemeka Achebe

Nnaemeka Alfred Achebe is the 21st Obi of Onitsha in Anambra State, Nigeria. Before he became the Obi of Onitsha is 2002 he had a long, accomplished career in the Royal Dutch Shell Group where he served as Director in several companies in the group.

He has been Chancellor of Ahmadu Bello University. His several corporate board positions include Chairman of the board of Directors of Unilever Nigeria as well as Chairman of the board of Directors of International Breweries Nigeria (ABInBev).

He is estimated to be worth between $5 – $10 million. His fleet of cars includes a 2016 Rolls Royce costing around $200,000.

  • Sultan Sa’ad Abubakar of Sokoto

Sultan Sa'ad Abubakar of Sokoto

Mohammed Sa’ad Abubakar is the 20th Sultan of Sokoto. The Sultan is regarded as the spiritual leader of the muslims in Nigeria.

Sultan Abubakar served in the Nigerian military and retired as a Brigadier General. He has several cars including a Rolls Royce 2017 model.

Sultan of Sokoto Rolls Royce 2017

The Sultan of Sokoto’s networth is estimated at between $5 – $10 million.

Recommended Read: See some of the treasures stolen by the Europeans from Africa


Years after most African countries colonised by the Europeans have gained their independence there are increasing calls for Europe to return the various cultural artifacts and treasures they stole from the African continent.

As Europe colonised Africa they plundered the continent and carted away its rich cultural artifacts and heritage to their European museums.

Here are some of the best artifacts and cultural treasures that has been stolen from Africa by the Europeans during the course of colonisation.

Benin Bronzes

Benin bronzes

These are one of the most famous artefacts stolen by the British. The Benin bronzes are a collection of sculptures made of brass that adorned the royal palace of the Oba of Benin, Ovonramwen Nogbaisi.

The pieces were carved usually out of brass, ivory, ceramic and wood and were cast for the ancestral altars of past kings and queen mothers.

In 1897 during an expedition against Benin, bronze sculptures and plaques, innumerable royal objects were taken as a result of the mission and are scattered all over the world.

Man Eaters of Tsavo

Man Eaters of Tsavo

At the end of the 19th century two lions from the Tsavo region in Kenya killed and ate railway workers who were building the railway line between Mombasa and Lake Victoria over nine months in 1898.

British engineer Lieutenant Colonel John Patterson, who was heading the project, later shot dead the two killer beasts.

The stuffed lions were purchased from Patterson by the Field Museum of Natural History in the US city of Chicago in 1925 and catalogued into the museum’s permanent collections. The Kenya National Museum now want the lions returned.

The Rosetta Stone

The Rosetta Stone

The Rosetta Stone is a broken part of a bigger slab with text carved on to it that has helped researchers learn how to read Egyptian hieroglyphs – a form of writing that used pictures as signs.

It has three columns of the same inscription in three languages: Greek, hieroglyphs and demotic Egyptian – and is the text of a decree written by priests in 196 BC, during the reign of pharaoh Ptolemy V.

It is unclear how the stone was discovered in July 1799, but there’s a general belief that it was found by soldiers fighting with the French military leader Napoleon Bonaparte as they were building an extension to a fort near the town of Rashid – also known as Rosetta – in the Nile Delta.

When Napoleon was defeated, the British took possession of the stone under the terms of the Treaty of Alexandria in 1801.

It was then transported to England, arriving in Portsmouth in February 1802. George III offered it to the British Museum a few months later.

The Maqdala Treasures

Maqdala Treasures

The Maqdala treasures include an 18th Century gold crown and a royal wedding dress, taken from Ethiopia (formerly Abyssinia) by the British army in 1868.

According to Historians, 15 elephants and 200 mules were needed to cart away all the loot from Maqdala, Emperor Tewodros II’s northern citadel capital.

The British raided Maqdala in protest at the detention of its consul when relations between the two powers deteriorated.

Maqdala Wedding Dress

The crown, admired for its silver and copper filigree designs and religious embossed images, and royal wedding dress are significant symbols of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church.

Scholars believe the crown was commissioned in the 1740s by Empress Mentewwab and her son King Iyyasu and given as a gift to a church in Gondar, together with a solid gold chalice.

The dress and jewellery belonged to Emperor Tewodros II’s widow, Queen Woyzaro Terunesh.

Bangwa Queen from Cameroon

The Bangwa Queen is a 32in (81cm) tall wooden carving  from Cameroon, representing the power and health of the Bangwa people.

It is one of the world’s most famous pieces of African art and has huge sacred significance for Cameroonians.

Sculptures were made of titled royal wives or princesses and would be referred to as Bangwa Queens in the Bangwa land of present-day Lebialem district of Cameroon’s South-West region

The Bangwa Queen was believed to have either been given to or looted by the German colonial agent Gustav Conrau around 1899 before the territory was colonised.

It ended up in the Museum für Völkerkunde in Berlin and was then bought by an art collector in 1926.

The Dapper Foundation in Paris, France now owns the Bangwa Queen sculpture – and it was on display at the Musée Dapper until 2017 when the museum that focused on African art closed because of low attendance and high maintenance costs.

Traditional leaders of the Bangwa have been corresponding with the foundation, requesting its return to Cameroon.

Soapstone Birds of Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe Soapstone Birds (Artifacts and Treasures Stolen from Africa)

A soapstone sculpture of a fish eagle is Zimbabwe’s main national emblem. Eight of the Zimbabwe Birds were looted from the ruins of an ancient city.

Only eight of the birds were ever recovered. They stood on the walls and monoliths of the ancient city built between the 12th and 15th Centuries by the ancestors of the Shona people.

Credits: The BBC 

Recommended Read: 10 Most Outdated Things Many People Still Use Everyday


Today you find that many more people are interested in how to transition from full time work to freelancing, especially with the after-effects of the Covid-19 pandemic. People may desire to move to freelancing for a variety of reasons.

Why Would You Want to Freelance?

Typically people want to become freelancers because of the following reasons;

  • Time: You want to own more of your time, determine when you work or not. With a regular full time job your choices are limited, you have to show up at specific times.
  • Income Flexibility: You find that with a full time job you have a fixed salary and it is not always in your power to earn more no matter how hard you work (except you work in areas with performance driven compensation such as sales or executive careers where you take home bonuses based on performance)
  • Love: People sometimes work at jobs they tolerate. The move to freelancing sometimes is to enable you do what you love most eg someone who leaves a good job to become a freelance writer. 

Leaving your full time job for Freelancing comes with its challenges of course. You just have to be aware of them and plan accordingly. While there are lots of advice on balancing freelancing with a full time job there is barely significant information on how to switch from full time to only freelancing. This will involve understanding the following;

  • Income Stability: Have you thought of how your income will be affected by the move? With a full time job at least you have income stability, you know you earn a particular sum every month. Moving to freelance you should know the first few months may come with significant change in how stable your income is. Planning for those months until you get into your stride is important.
  • Adaptability: It will take you sometime to adapt to the different rigours of the freelancing life. For one you are only changing bosses and your new boss (clients) will make different demands than you are used to. Freelancing is by no means easier as the quality of your work will have bigger impact on your earning potential

When’s the Right Time to Move or Leave Your Full Time Employment?

There are lots of advice on this. However it boils down to two simple things.

The Money and Your Feeling

And both have to work in harmony. If you jump ship just because you feel you have to, without making plans to have enough finances to tide you over the first few months, things might be rough for you.

Plan ahead before quitting your job. Maybe test the waters, take on one or two freelance gigs while still holding down your job. Build your reputation and potential client base without sacrificing your job yet. That way, when you finally quit you should 

  • have enough money saved up to take you through the start stages
  • have an idea of the freelance market already before going in fully

Taking jobs on the side will help you learn core freelance skills you need to succeed in your chosen area as well as discover your weaknesses and strengths.

Jump Only When You’ve Saved up Enough

We cannot emphasise this too much. Having several months worth of income stashed away in your short term investment or savings account will allow you start your freelance journey without falling into desperation. You will not need to underprice your services just to make ends meet. Building a successful freelance career or business takes time so you will need the cash to burn slowly as you work up the earning ladder.

Set Income Realistic Income Targets and Work Towards Them

When setting out as a freelancer set realistic monthly income targets. This should basically help you know how many gigs you need to complete on average to hit your earning target. Then work your way towards meeting the target. Of course when you have hit a target consistently you can raise it to a higher amount and push on.

What are the most effective exercises to get rid of pot belly? If you have a pot belly (as lots of men do) you are probably looking for a way to get the damn thing down.

First you have to realise there are no shortcuts to getting rid of pot belly. It will require work and some dedication but we are sure you will feel they were worth it when you attain that flat tummy.

Pot bellies can be caused by a variety of reasons. Some people have weak stomach muscles and can bloat easily even when they do not consume too much food. Sometimes it can be caused by lifestyle choices, drinking too much beer and very little or no exercise.

You should however note that reducing pot belly will not happen based only on exercises, you will have to also make lifestyle adjustments on what you eat and how much you eat to complement the exercises. Then you will see some very good results.

  1. Weight Training

A study showed that healthy men who practiced 20 minutes of weight training daily had a lower increase in age-related abdominal fat in comparison with men who performed aerobic exercises for the same amount of time.

Start with lifting appropriate weights and increasing as your strength builds. Weight training is most effective when done 2–3 times a week per muscle group with 8–12 repetitions. It is always recommended to seek the guidance of an experienced trainer if you are a beginner.

2. Core Exercises

There are several core exercises that will help with reducing belly fat. Here are some basic, effective ones to start with.

Mountain Climbing

The mountain climber exercise helps with toning up your abdominal muscles, as well as burning extra calories. Here’s how to do it;

  1. Face the floor in a push-up position with your palms flat on the floor, shoulder-length apart.
  2. Hold yourself with your arms outstretched and back flat.
  3. Bring one knee to your chest and then return it to its previous position. That’s one repetition.
  4. Repeat the steps on the other leg.
  5. Do 3 sets of 10–20 repetitions per leg.

Depending on your current level, you can perform this exercise 3–4 times a week.

Basic Crunches

Crunches are very easy to do, and you have plenty of variations to choose from. They are a great basic exercise for a beginner to build up the core muscles.  Here are some directions on crunches you can do.

  1. Lay down with your back flat on the floor.
  2. Raise your legs off the floor and bend them to a 90° angle.
  3. Place your hands by your ears, but do not clasp them together behind your head.
  4. Bracing your abdominal muscles, lift your head and upper back from the floor and hold for 2–3 seconds.
  5. Repeat for the reps desired, starting with 3 sets of 10–12 repetitions.

You can do this exercise 3-4 times a week

Bicycle Crunches

The Bicycle crunch targets the rectus abdominis and obliques and is a good variation of the traditional crunch.

Here’s how to do the Bicycle crunch

  1. Similar to the basic crunch, you start in the crunch position but with the legs straight.
  2. Lift your head and upper back.
  3. Bring one knee up to the chest, and reach the opposite side elbow to the knee.
  4. Lower the knee and elbow back to the starting position and repeat on the opposite sides. Focus on slow movement, rather than trying to complete it as fast as possible.
  5. Repeat for 10–12 reps each side for 3 sets.

You can do this 3-4 times a week

3. Yoga Poses

There are yoga exercises that help with tightening the flesh and muscle in the stomach area. Asides helping eliminate excessive abdominal fat they also have other significant benefits: increased flexibility.

Chair Pose (Utkatasana)

The Chair pose helps strengthen not only your abdominal muscles but also your legs and arms. It is an isometric exercise, which means you hold the position for several seconds without moving.

Standing Forward Bend (Padahastasana)

The forward bend helps with stubborn belly fat. With the forward bend yoga pose there is complete compression of the abdominal area occurs, leading to fat burning in the tummy and waistline area.

What to do to Complement Your Exercise and Reduce Belly Fat Faster

  • Eat more of vegetables, fruits and lean proteins
  • Limit your consumption of processed foods
  • Sleep enough
  • Drink plenty of water throughout the day
  • Watch the portion of food you eat

Recommended: Check out more life improvement articles such as How to Overcome Shyness and Embrace Talking to People


The world moves at a pace where things we used some years ago suddenly become outdated. What are some of the most outdated things people still use everyday?

We looked at the answers to this question on an online forum and some of them are truly incredible. What some people still use everyday that you might consider outdated.

  • A Notebook: For people who are tech savvy they can’t remember the last night they used a jotter or notebook. However for many people they still make use of notebooks everyday, at school, at work etc.
  • A Calculator: With phones becoming so ubiquitous you would think calculators would have gone extinct. Well, not quite. Lots of people, accountants, business owners, etc still use a proper calculator (HP, Cacio etc) on their desk everyday. Old habits die hard, I guess

  • A Flip Phone: A user said they are like dinosaurs. Surprisingly in some parts of the world lots of people still use flip phones. This article shows how many people still use flip phones in Japan, in 2019!
  • Windows 7: You will be surprised how many people use a computer running on Windows 7 OS. One user hilariously said the fan will randomly go off when he has like 3 tabs on and shut down.
  • Typewriters: Yes, Typewriters are still used in lots of places in the developing world, India and Nigeria as an example.
  • Watches: Watches should be outdated already with phones everywhere that people use to tell the time. Still, millions of people still spend significant sums on watches and wear them everyday. We guess they are more like fashion items these days.
  • Print Newspapers: In many places around the world people still rely on print newspapers for their daily information and news. This may not be your reality if you are able to access the internet for all the news and information you need. However millions of people still buy and read the printed newspapers.
  • CDs: Lots of people still use compact disks especially to play music on their disk players or save stuff on their computers. In the current world of streaming, bluetooth file sharing etc you would think CDs would have been gone forever but no, they are still very much around.
  • Wooden Pencils: Lots of people in schools, artists, architects still use wooden pencils everyday despite the availability of new means like pens, plastic, mechanical pencils and even software for writing, drawing etc
  • Playstation 2: You will be surprised how many people still use their old playstation for games despite much more newer, modern versions available.

What other outdated things do you see people still use everyday? You can let us know in the comments.

Recommended Read: 5 Things that are Changing or Will Change Because of Covid-19

If you are a young African entrepreneur looking for funding the Google Black Founders Fund grant could be exactly what you need.

This is a Google for Startups program that gives access to funding to black-founded startups in Africa.

Google for Startups Black Founders Fund Africa supports early-stage Black-founded startups and startups that are benefitting the Black community on the continent.

The Program Overview

We want to bridge the existing fundraising gap for Black startup founders in Africa’s fast-growing technology landscape. This non-dilutive $3 million fund is allocated across a pipeline of 50 investable startups in Africa. The fund is open to all startups that meet the criteria, with priority given to Google for Startups Accelerator and Partner program alumni. This fund will be given along with mentorship support and Google platform credits to help the startups grow.

Who Should Apply?

The Black Founders Fund is intended for startups with self-identifying Black leaders or companies directly supporting the Black community. We encourage established startups based in Africa who are seeking seed-stage funding to apply. Applications are open now through July 7, 2021

Some FAQs

  • Which Countries are Eligible? – We’re currently accepting applicants from the following countries in Africa: Botswana, Cameroun, Cote D’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zimbabwe
  • Who is Eligible? -Here’s our eligibility criteria:A startup that is:
    • Headquartered in Africa or has a legal presence on the continent
    • Building for Africa and a global market
    • Creating jobs, has growth potential to raise more funding, and making an impact

    With a founding team that is:

    • Diverse, with at least one Black C-level founding member
    • Directly supporting the Black community

    Technical requirements:

    • Technology startups with a live product in market or business where technology is core to their ability to scale (not for consultancies or not-for-profits)
    • Compatibility with Google products—our products can accelerate their growth

You can find more details on How to Apply for the Google Black Founders Fund grant Here

Check out more of our business posts especially this one on How to Raise Small Startup Capital the unconventional way

Recently Nigeria was in the news for joining the list of countries that have blocked or banned Twitter for their citizens. Banning or blocking social media is not a new thing. Many regimes with distaste for human rights, free speech have either blocked the use of Twitter on their territory or banned the citizens from using or accessing the social media platform.

This is because Twitter is usually the most radical of the various social media platforms available. It’s very nature attracts outspoken citizens and criticism. It breaks new and makes information go viral. This can be a nightmare to governments who thrive on control of news and information.

So we have compiled an extensive list of countries that have either blocked or banned the use of Twitter. If you find yourself travelling to any of these countries you should be sure to get a VPN to tunnel your internet access as that will be the only way to access Twitter.

  • Nigeria

    : Nigeria became the latest country to ban/block Twitter for its citizens. This came after the country’s President, Muhammadu Buhari had one incendiary tweet deleted after thousands of Nigerians reported the tweet. The government in a matter of days announced a blanket ban of Twitter in the country. It claimed to ban Twitter for ‘undermining the country’s corporate existence.’ While there are news in some quarters of talks between Twitter and the Nigerian government it is not clear yet how long the ban will be in place

  • China: China has a very strong grip on social media censorship as the country has not only blocked Twitter but several other social media platforms especially ones with western roots. Other social media platforms blocked in China include Facebook, Reddit, Instagram and many more. While Twitter remains banned in China a report from the New York Times show that there are still users in small but active communities using special software to access the platform. However these users face detention and threats if discovered.
  • Iran: Iran practices some degree of social media censorship. Reports indicate that Twitter, as well as Facebook, has been banned since 2009 though many Iranians find ways to still use them. In a report on Iranian censorship the Express UK reported that Twitter was banned for ordinary Iranians though top government officials still use it.
  • North Korea: In 2016 North Korean government started to block Twitter for ‘concerns with the spread of online information’. Anyone who tries to access it without official permission from the government including foreign visitors and residents, is subject to punishment. The government doesn’t allow citizens use the internet as we know it, rather it makes available a heavily restricted and walled off intranet.
  • Turkmenistan: Turkmenistan is one of the world’s most isolated regimes. The ex-soviet republic has blocked western services including Twitter, Facebook, Whatsapp along with some popular Russian networks – Odnoklassniki and VKontakte. The country is constantly at the bottom of global rights and press freedom rankings

There have been other countries who have periodically and sporadically blocked social media or even the internet in the past for various reasons. Egypt cut off access to Twitter during the Arab spring protests, Turkey banned Twitter for 2 weeks in 2014, Uganda suspended access to social media during an election earlier in 2021 and Pakistan has sporadically blocked access to social media for brief periods.

You may want to check out our post on Countries where cryptocurrency is blocked or banned

The past few years have seen Nigerian movies gain more exposure and prominence in the cinema. The following are top grossing Nigerian movies from cinema/screening revenue. The list covers movies that showed from 2000 till date.

  1. Omo Ghetto: The Saga – Directed by Funke Akindele, Omo Ghetto overtook The Wedding Party from the first spot. Omo Ghetto grossed N636,129,120 from the theatres/cinemas.

  2. The Wedding Party – The movie from EbonyLife Films grossed N453,000,000 from theatres.
  3. The Wedding Party 2 – The sequel to the Wedding Party. Made 433,197,377
  4. Chief Daddy – Another EbonyLife films movie. Grossed N387,540,749
  5. Sugar Rush – Kayode Kasum’s Sugar Rush pulled in N287,053,270
  6. King of Boys – produced by Kemi Adetiba, grossed N244,775,758
  7. Merrymen, The Real Yoruba Demons – N235,628,358
  8. Merrymen 2: Another Mission – 234,505,169
  9. Your Excellency – N186,340,948
  10. A Trip to Jamaica – N180,264,964


When the current cryptocurrency bear run started we wrote an article on Why Cryptocurrency prices was falling. Some of the reasons was because a major country banned the use and trade of cryptocurrency.

Bitcoin made its debut as the first cryptocurrency in 2009 ushering in the new era of peer to peer digital currencies. While many countries and governments are contemplating best practices to regulate and manage the legality or not otherwise of the rising cryptocurrency economy.

So you want to know about all the countries where crypto is currently banned


Dive in!


Recently China became the largest economy to ban Bitcoin. All cryptocurrencies exchanges are also banned. All banks and other financial institutions like payment processors are prohibited from transacting or dealing in bitcoin. The government also cracks down on miners.


The government of Vietnam and its state bank has stated that bitcoin is not a legal or recognised payment method though there is not regulation of bitcoin as an investment


The central bank of Bolivia has banned the use of bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies.


Colombia has outlawed the use of Cryptocurrencies for either payment or investment.


The National Assembly in Ecuador passed a majority vote banning bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies.


Nigeria’s Central Bank recently also joined the list of countries that have banned bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. It instructed the banks to withdraw support for any crypto related services/transactions and block any accounts used in transacting or facilitating cryptocurrency transactions.


Turkey banned the use of cryptocurrency for payments. This came after months of increasingly tight restrictions on cryptocurrency exchange operations.


Algeria in 2018 banned cryptocurrency use and trading. Those who break the ban are punishable under the country’s existing financial laws.


Trading in or using cryptocurrency in Nepal could land you in jail. The Nepal Rastra bank has banned the use and trade of cryptocurrency in the country.


In Qatar banks are banned from trading in cryptocurrencies. The Central Bank warned banks not “deal with bitcoin, or exchange it with another currency, or open an account to deal with it, or send or receive any money transfers for the purpose of buying or sell this currency.”


Bangladesh government has banned cryptocurrency since 2017. It asked citizens “to refrain from performing, assisting, and advertising all kind of transactions through virtual currencies like Bitcoin to avoid financial and legal damage.”

As you read this the list of countries not allowing cryptocurrency may change as more countries deliberate on their approach to the crypto/digital currency revolution.

Even a child knows 2021 has so far been a very testing year for the country, with violence escalating in different parts of the country while the Boko Haram war is still far from won. Kidnappings, highway attacks, unknown gunmen, herdsmen attacks etc are some of the widespread security issues currently facing the West African country.

We have chronicled all the major kidnappings that have happened in Nigeria in 2021. The security agencies appear to not have a concrete strategy to nip these in the bud.

1. Kagara Kidnapping: On 17th February 2021 about 27 school children, 3 staff members and 12 relatives were kidnapped by armed men from a secondary school in Kagara, Niger State. This was the next major kidnapping event following from the audacious kidnap of hundreds of school boys in Katsina in December 2020.

The Nigerian President ordered security agencies to carry out a rescue operation while the governor of the state Abubakar Sani-Bello confirmed that the state government was in negotiation with the bandits for the release of the boys.

A military plane sent to Minna to rescue the 42 abductees crashed, killing all 7 persons on board. On 27th February the Niger state government announced that all 42 abducted persons have been released. It was not clear whether and how much ransom was paid for their release.

2. Jangebe (Zamfara) Kidnapping

: 279 female students aged between 10 and 17 were kidnapped from the Government Girls Secondary School, a boarding school in Jangebe, Zamfara state on 26th February 2021. The incident took place 9 days after the Kagara kidnapping.

This kidnapping happened at about 1 am by over 100 armed gunmen. According to local residents they remained in the school for hours before leaving with the girls. The gunmen also reportedly attacked a military camp and security checkpoint nearby to prevent intervention during the raid. One policeman was killed and about 50 girls were able to hide/escape from the kidnappers

All the girls were released on March 2, 2021. It was unclear the negotiation methods deployed by the government to facilitate their release.

3. Afaka Kidnapping: Just weeks after the incident in Zamfara, another kidnapping raid was carried out in Kaduna state when gunmen attacked the Federal College of Forestry Mechanisation, Afaka and abducted 39 students (23 females, 16 males).

This was the third incident of mass kidnapping in Northern Nigeria in 2021.

The college was on the outskirts of Kaduna city near the Nigerian Defence Academy military barracks. According to sources a distress call by students and staff of the school brought members of the Nigerian Armed Forces’ first division who were based in the nearby military academy who engaged the kidnappers in a firefight.

At the end of the operation over 180 students and staff were rescued but around 30 persons were unaccounted for. The kidnappers were alleged to have taken those students to the nearby Rugu forest.

On 5th April the Kaduna state government announced that 5 of the 39 abducted persons have been released. On 8th April the government announced that another 5 captives have been released. On 5th May the state government announced that the remaining 29 students have been released by their abductors after spending 55 days in captivity.

4. Greenfield University Kidnapping: On 20th April at least 20 students and 2 staff of Greenfield University were kidnapped in Chikun LGA, Kaduna state. The armed bandits infiltrated the school in large numbers and killed one staff member.

They later demanded for N800 million ransom. On 23rd April the kidnappers killed 3 students in their captivity. The dead bodies were found in Kwanan Bature village, close to the University. On 26th April 2 more kidnapped students were killed.

On May 1 one of the abducted students was released after his parents allegedly paid an undisclosed ransom. On 29th May, after 4o days in captivity the remaining 14 students were freed. Their parents disclosed that they paid a ransom of N150 million (150 million naira) and 8 brand new motorcycles to the bandits.

5. Makurdi Kidnapping: On 24th April gunmen kidnapped two students from the Federal University of Agriculture in Makurdi, Benue state. This was the 5th kidnapping from an academic institution in 2021 and happened just 4 days after the Greenfield kidnapping. On 28th April 2021 the University released a statement confirming the return of the abducted students.


Check out our previous Nigeria Today Feature

These days personal finance is becoming more important and everyone needs to save more money. Without saving you will likely continue to get broke no matter how much you earn.

From savings you can make investments to grow your money when the opportunity arises.

So for some of us it is difficult to save. Especially when you are not earning enough.

So how do you ensure you save more money than you currently do?

  1. Have a Budget and Stick to It: It’s not just enough to have a spending budget. The most important thing is to stick to it. Draw out a realistic (don’t be too stingy) budget outlining what you will spend each month for food/feeding, utilities (electricity, water, waste disposal, estate dues etc), friends/family (it’s important to have a budget on the maximum you will spend helping out family and friends), transportation, rent (yes, you have to set aside something for rent every month so it is easier to pay especially if you are in Nigeria where rent is mostly due annually) etc

  2. Have a Maximum Spend for Miscellaneous Expenses: Your Miscellaneous budget covers all the impulse buys, spending you may do every month. It helps to have a budget so when you reach the limit you know you cannot buy anything or treat yourself to some impulse buying for the rest of that month.
  3. Pay Yourself First: Whatever you decided in your budget to save (whether 10,15 or 20% of your salary/income) make sure you pay it first when you receive your income. Put it away in a fixed savings account (you can use any of the savings apps around) and forget about it. You will then be forced to allocate the remaining amount to the different aspects of your budget (food, transport etc)

This simple yet effective strategy will get you saving far more than you used to. Sometimes the simplest advice is the most effective. No need for elaborate planning. Just follow this advice and thank us later.

If you are a Nigerian or living in Nigeria you must have read or heard about the burning matter of Isa Pantami, a Minister of Communications and ICT in Nigeria.

In case you do not fully get all that has been happening with Isa Pantami here’s a summarised low down of what has been boiling for the past few days.

  1. Isa Pantami was alleged to have made incendiary and extremist Islamic comments earlier in his career as an Islamic cleric. He was alledged to be listed in the US terror watchlist in a publication by a western source.
  2. By virtue of this information several sources started to question why a Minister of the Federal Republic of Nigeria would be on a Terrorism watchlist and still remain in government. Several online news publications published articles on this revelation

  3. Isa Pantami replied on Twitter stating he was going to take those publishers to court for defamation. One particular publication retracted their article but the others like Gazette NG doubled down and dug in deeper
  4. Some of these news publications published further details and instances corroborating their view that Isa Pantami is an Islamic extremist and apologist, including his history of inciting voilence against non-muslims at the Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University (ATBU), audio and video recordings showing his extremist views and comments supporting terrorism
  5. Soon calls for Isa Pantami to resign gathered steam on social media. Meanwhile hordes of Isa Pantami’s  supporters came with the notion that this was a political witch hunt and canvassed that Isa Pantami was going nowhere and would remain as Minister
  6. A particular journalist, David Hundeyin, published an investigative article detailing Isa Pantami’s actions and comments supporting terrorism and inciting violence. Clips of the infamous IJN meeting 2010 was also released and shared online by activists pushing for the Minister’s resignation
  7. Soon calls for the Federal government to act on the matter became louder. When asked if the Federal Government was going to do anything about the serious allegations against one of its Ministers, the Minister for Information Lai Mohammed informed journalists that the Federal Executive Council (FEC) did not discuss the matter in their last meeting
  8. A motion raised by a member of the Federal House of Representatives, Hon Ndudi Elumelu to discuss the allegations against Pantami on the floor of the House was struck down by the House Speaker Femi Gbajabiamila, on technicality grounds
  9. Many Nigerians expressed dismay that the FG would remain silent on such weighty issue considering the various security and terrorism challenges the country was facing.
  10. On 22nd April online news sites published information that the Federal Government has released a statement backing the embattled Minister. So far the issues has not been addressed and it remains to be seen whether the agitation for Pantami’s resignation loses steam and ends at this point.

Do you think we missed anything regarding this issue? Let us know in the comments

The top 20 most visited Nigerian website rankings is back. We research and publish top Nigerian websites every month.

If you want to know the most visited Nigerian websites this is the list to follow.

Our Criteria – A website must be fully or partially owned by a Nigerian or operating majorly in Nigeria to be featured.

The top Nigerian websites for April 2021

  1. Bet9ja – Bet9ja remains the most visited betting website in the country. Estimated monthly traffic – 148 million
  2. Betking – The second most visited sports betting website has currently average 34.8 million visits per month
  3. Nairaland – Nigeria’s oldest and most popular online forum/community continues to feature in our list of most visited websites. With over 2.6 million users the forum records average 34.3 million visits monthly
  4. Punch – Punch retains its place as one of the oldest and most widely read online newspapers. It averages 14.1 million visits monthly

  5. Sportybet – The mostly online only sports betting site has continued to grow recently, cementing its place in the top 20 list. It sees around 13.9 million visits monthly
  6. LindaIkeji’s Blog – The premier gossip and entertainment blog that shot owner Linda Ikeji to limelight continues to wax strong posting about 12.7 million visits monthly
  7. Vanguard – The daily newspaper comes in as the second most visited online news site in Nigeria with 10.4 million visits monthly
  8. Jumia – Jumia retains its place as the top ecommerce site in the country seeing an average 9.1 million visits monthly
  9. Legit NG – The general information and news site operating formerly as Naij comes in strongly with 8.3 million visits monthly
  10. Premium Times – Premium Times is another of the newspaper websites dominating this month’s list of top 20 Nigerian websites. PT has average 6.1 million visits monthly
  11. The Net Naija – An information and entertainment hub that showcases news, movies updates etc posts a strong 6 million visits monthly
  12. The Nation – The Nation newspapers comes in with 5.8 million visits to take a place as one of the most visited newspaper sites 
  13. Jiji – The most popular and used classifieds site in the country, Jiji sees about 5.8 million visits monthly
  14. Betpawa – Betpawa is another sports betting website that made it to the list. Betpawa has around 4.5 million visits monthly
  15. Daily Post – Daily Post, a newspaper site records 4.4 million visits monthly
  16. Google NG – The Nigeria version of the popular search engine sees quite some use. Google NG records 4.1 million visits monthly
  17. Nairametrics –  A business and finance information site, Nairametrics appears to be the first fully finance and business focused publication in the top 20 list. Nairametrics sees around 2.9 million visits monthly
  18. Naijaloaded – Naijaloaded is a music and entertainment blog visited over 2.5 million times monthly
  19. Nairabet – Sports betting is very popular in Nigeria and this shows in the number of sports betting sites in this list. Nairabet, arguably the oldest sports betting website comes in at 2.2 million visits monthly
  20. Tooxclusive – The second most used music and entertainment website comes in with 1.8 million visits monthly

Honourable Mention

Yabaleftonline – The information, gist and entertainment blog sees around 1.5 million visits monthly

What this List Shows Us

  • Sportsbetting remains popular, as all major leagues are part and playing, Nigerians are back betting
  • Nigerians love gist and gossip a lot as can be seen by the way news, entertainment and gossip sites (even the Nairaland forum is powered by a lot of those) dominate the list
  • Free music downloads are still a think even with the proliferation of several streaming sites such as Audiomack, Deezer, etc
  • Significant level of commerce still goes on online as can be seen by the presence of Jumia and Jiji







This is a list of top 20 most used android apps in Nigeria for the first quarter (January to March) 2021. We hope to make this a quarterly list to show the android apps Nigerians use or download the most within every 3 month period.

  1. Palm Pay – The fintech app that enables users pay bills, get airtime etc apparently benefits from the fact that it comes pre-installed in most Transsion owned phones (Transsion owns Tecno, Infinix phone models).
  2. Opay – Opay came into Nigeria a few years ago with fanfare launching its all in one app that featured try-cycle, bike hailing, fintech etc. Now mostly used as a bill payment, funds transfer and related financial activities app Opay continues to maintain strong usage in the country especially with its mobile money, POS agent network.
  3. Whatsapp – The world’s number one messaging and chat app continues to feature heavily in the lives of millions of Nigerians. It is a surprise it is not the top ranking android app in Google playstore.

  4. Truecaller – The Caller ID app has seen more adoption by Nigerian android users in recent times.
  5. Opera mini – The minimal data consumption browser app continues to be used by many Nigerians especially with the cost of data. This shows that lots of Nigerians are still very conscious about data consumption.
  6. Facebook Lite – Facebook Lite is the smaller, data friendly version of the world’s largest social network. It is not surprising that Facebook Lite is well used in Nigeria given that the internet coverage is still not strong enough in many parts of the country.
  7. Tiktok Lite – The video based social app that became wildly popular in 2020 also has the poor internet friendly version – Tiktok lite. Little surprise that lots of Nigerians also have it on their phones mostly due to weak and costly internet bundles.
  8. Audiomack – Audiomack is a free music sharing and discovery app that has quietly become increasingly used in the country by Android phone users. It distributes quite a lot of songs from Nigerian artists.
  9. Whatsapp Business – The business version of Whatsapp meant for business owners to engage better with customers has good adoption as many small, micro small enterprises use it as primary mode of engagement on social media.
  10. Zoom – The video conferencing and meeting tool became highly popular as the Covid-19 pandemic and subsequent shut downs took prominence in 2020. It continues to be heavily used for remote business meetings.
  11. Snapchat – Snapchat is the multimedia messaging app that saw a fairly decent usage among younger Nigerians and appears to continue featuring in lots of android phones.
  12. Smart Security – The phone cleaner, booster and defender app that comes with many Transsion owned phones
  13. Memory Cleaner – This is a phone speed boosting and junk removal app that comes by default with many Transsion owned phones.
  14. Instagram – The heavier version of the second largest social media app sees enough use to make it in the top 20.
  15. Xender – The file sharing app appears to be popular enough among Nigerians
  16. Telegram – Telegram apparently stakes a claim to being the second most used chat/messaging app in the country
  17. Pi Network – A new kind of digital currency that allows you grow your holdings and digital assets in a wallet
  18. Jumia – Nigeria’s top ecommerce site appears to see some usage of its app in Nigeria
  19. Boomplay – Boomplay is a Transsion affiliated music discovery and sharing app that comes with many newer models of Transsion owned phones
  20. Facebook – The heavier version of the world’s largest social network brings up the rear in this Top 20 most used Android apps ranking

This ranking is curated from Similarweb Mobile app ranking of all Google Play free apps.

Talk about passion, L. C. “Buckshot” Smith may just be the world’s oldest policeman at 91. Smith drives around in an  unmarked police car, but everyone in Camden, Arkansas and earned his popularity by working more than four decades for the Ouachita County Sheriff’s Department, where he went by his childhood nickname “Buckshot.”

After 46 years as a deputy, he retired — for only five months. He said he didn’t have any fun during those five months. “I don’t hunt. I don’t fish.”

So he went back to what he knows and loves best – policing

Over the course of his career, Smith said he has “taken more people home than I’ve taken to them to jail.”

“He does not want to retire. In his words, to me, he’ll retire when the good Lord tells him to,” said chief Boyd Woody.

source: CBS News

A 54 year old man from Croatia, Budimir Buda Sobat, set a world record for the longest time breadth held underwater. He spent 24 minutes and 33 seconds underwater without coming up for air – that’s longest than anyone else has ever lasted.

This massive feat was achieved in a swimming pool, in the town of Sisak, under the supervision of doctors, reporters and supporters.

He spent a few minutes hyperventilating on pure oxygen, to increase body oxygenation before spending close to half an hour face down in the pool without coming up for air.

A few years ago, Budimir gave up on his passion, bodybuilding, and embraced static diving, soon becoming one of the world’s top 10 static divers. He managed to break the 24-minute barrier three years ago, but this weekend he broke his own Guinness Record (24:11), by spending an insane 24 minutes and 33 seconds underwater.

This is known as static apnea, a discipline that requires that the respiratory tract be immersed, with the body either in the water or at the surface. The current world record before Budimir’s attempt sits at 11 minutes and 54 seconds, held by Branko Petrovic, in Dubai in 2014. However, that is the unaided version of the challenge, whereas Šobat’s is a different variation where divers are allowed to breathe pure oxygen for up to 30 minutes prior to the attempt, to increase body oxygenation.

Although the pure oxygen clearly makes a huge difference, as evidenced by the time difference between the two records, 24 minutes and a half is still an insanely long time to spend underwater without coming up for air. It requires years of preparation and training the body to pump oxygenated blood at a very slow rate through the body, as we as to retain oxygen for long periods of time.

Budimir Buda Šobat has always been inspired to push the limits of what is considered physically possible by his 20-year-old daughter, Saša, who has been battling cerebral palsy, autism and epilepsy since childhood.

source: Odditycentral